Everything You need to know about Outbreak of Novel Corona virus Infection in china.
In the 1960s the virus was first found in humans. Coronaviruses are normal, and infections in patients who only experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough and shortness of breath are often harmless. There may also be gastrointestinal discomfort, especially diarrhea. A coronavirus ' incubation time can vary from some days to two weeks.
China has recently confirmed that the new strain of coronavirus can transfer from person to person that causes a form of pneumonia. The number of people already infected by the mysterious virus that emerged in China is much higher than the official figures suggest. There are already more than 200 confirmed cases of the new coronavirus. But, experts estimate that the figure could be about more than 1,700. It is known that three people died from respiratory diseases in the city of Wuhan, in central China, in December.
What is the latest news?
During this weekend, officials in central Wuhan said 136 new cases were reported, and a third person died from the virus. And, late Sunday, officials said the hospital was treating 170 patients, nine of whom were in serious condition. Authorities in Shenzhen said a 66-year-old man also showed symptoms of the virus following a trip to Wuhan. China's National Health Commission confirmed Monday that two cases in China were due to transmission from person to person, according to state news agency Xinhua. This contradicts what the commission had previously said, from which it was told that no such cases had occurred.
How did they calculate the figures?
The secret to issue severity lies in the cases that are observed in other nations. While the outbreak arises mostly in Wuhan, there have been two more cases in Thailand, one in Japan, and one in South Korea. All of them related to people from Wuhan, or who have visited the city. It is impossible to obtain the exact number. Wuhan International Airport serves a population of 19 million people, but only 3,400 a day take international flights. Detailed calculations which were shown on the Internet before being published in a scientific journal, showed a figure of 1,700 cases.
Knowing how a new virus is spreading is an essential part of determining to what degree it poses a threat. The Chinese WHO office said the study was valuable, and it would help officials prepare their response to the outbreak. There's a lot to comprehend about the latest coronavirus. It is not known enough to draw definitive conclusions about how it is transmitted, the clinical characteristics of the disease, the degree of spread or its origin – which remains unknown.
How is the virus transmitted?
Zoonotic virus can be transmitted through direct contact between animals, and humans. But, there are many other forms of infection, through food or so-called vectors: a mosquito, a tick or another insect can transport a host pathogen to another organism without getting sick. In addition, zoonosis can also be transmitted through food, by eating meat or animal products. If they do not get hot enough or if they were prepared under unhygienic conditions, they could also be a source of infection. Compared to the main cases of SARS, and MERS, the current outbreak of coronavirus is small, but experts said it should not be underestimated.
Therefore, China is exercising caution regarding the celebrations of the Chinese lunar New Year at the end of January. Millions of people fly to celebrate the holidays by bus, train, and airplane. Authorities must step up efforts to prevent further spread of pneumonia during the holiday period, which includes ensuring proper disinfection in major public transit centers such as the airport and train stations.
What to do for precautions?
Although researchers are experimenting with multiple types of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome vaccines against the clock, none have been tested in humans. If these conditions resume, people should follow a series of precautions to avoid contagion when coming into contact with people with symptoms –
• Wash your hands before and after coming in contact with the patient,
• Wear disposable gloves,
• Use a surgical mask,
• Wash personal items,
• Disinfect surfaces.
The Medical history of Coronavirus
As with any virus, experts recommend reducing the risk of infection through good health, and hygiene practices. Only six types were known – four of them cause mild symptoms similar to those of a cold
, while the other two were sadly famous in 2002. It was 21st of December when WHO in China confirmed that they were unknown of the actual causes of pneumonia in Wuhan. That time Municipal Health Commission of China stated that people should avoid visiting fish markets, and stop buying other kinds of live animals, raw meats, etc. which could be the reason behind virus attribution. The market has been closed until further notice. At present, eight patients are already out of danger and, according to reports, have already left the hospital. After discovering the virus, scientists are one step closer to finding the origins of the enigmatic lung disease.
How to protect yourself?
After taking, and analyzing, viral samples from patients in the laboratory, officials from China and WHO concluded that the infection was a coronavirus. Examination of the new virus ' genetic code reveals it is similar to SARS than to any other human coronavirus. The researchers, and doctors of WHO have jointly issued a statement warning travelers in Wuhan to avoid animal markets, and contact with animals or raw meat. Citizens have to stop the sic, and any possible exposure. Before consulting the doctor, the practice or clinic should be informed about the travel history, and symptoms.
Prevention and treatment
There is currently no vaccine or specific treatment available, though several vaccinations and specific therapies are under development. The diagnosis is compassionate, which relies on the clinical condition of the patient. As a general precaution, people visiting farms, markets, stables or other places where there are dromedaries or, other animals should take general hygiene measures. Especially wash their hands regularly before and after handling an animal, and should avoid contact with sick animals. Consumption of raw or undercooked animal products carries a high risk of infection by various organisms which can cause human diseases. Products of animal origin duly processed by cooking or pasteurization do not present any danger for consumption, but must be handled with care to avoid contamination by contact with raw products.