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Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia



Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain associated with problems of fatigue, sleep, memory and mood. Researchers conclude that fibromyalgia amplifies unpleasant stimuli by influencing how the pain signals are processed by the brain.
Often symptoms begin after a physical wound, surgery, infection or psychological stress that is severe. For other cases, symptoms develop slowly over time, without any single triggering event.
Women have greater risk of developing fibromyalgia than men. Many people with fibromyalgia may have headaches with pain, disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety and depression.
While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, a variety of drugs can help relieve symptoms. Measures to exercise, relax and rising tension can also help.

Symptoms


Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

Widespread pain. Fibromyalgia-associated pain is also characterized as a persistent dull ache that lasted for at least three months. The pain will occur on both sides of the body, both above and below the neck, to be considered widespread.
Weariness. People with fibromyalgia sometimes wake up exhausted while they report long periods of sleep. Sleep is frequently disrupted by pain, and often fibromyalgic patients have other sleep disturbances such as syndrome of restless legs and apnea of sleep.
Cognitive problems. A generally referred to as "fibro fog" syndrome impairs the ability to concentrate, pay attention, and concentrate on mental activities.

Fibromyalgia often coexists with other debilitating disorders, for example:
Irritable bowel syndrome Migraine and other types of headaches Interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome Temporomandibular joint disorders

Causes


Doctors do not know what causes fibromyalgia, but it most certainly includes working together on a number of factors. These may include:

Genetics: Genetics. Since fibromyalgia appears to run in families, certain genetic defects can occur which may make you more vulnerable to developing the disorder.Infections. Some illnesses appear to trigger or aggravate fibromyalgia.

Physical or emotional tra
uma. Fibromyalgia can sometimes be triggered by a physical trauma, such as a car accident. Psychological stress may also trigger the condition.

Why does it hurt?


Researchers conclude that regular stimulation of the nerves affects the minds of people with fibromyalgia. This transition includes an unexpected rise in brain concentrations of certain chemicals that signal pain (neurotransmitters). Furthermore, the pain receptors of the brain tend to develop a kind of pain memory and become more reactive, meaning they can overreact to signs of pain.

Risk factors


Risk factors for fibromyalgia include:
Your sex. Fibromyalgia is more often diagnosed in women than in men.
Family history. You may have a greater risk of developing fibromyalgia if a parent also has the disease.
Other disorders.You may experience fibromyalgia more likely if you have osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

Complications

Fibromyalgia-related pain and lack of sleep can interfere with your ability to work at home or on the job. Depression and health-related anxiety can also result from the frustration of dealing with a often misunderstood condition.

Treatment


Treatments for fibromyalgia usually include both Medicines as well as self-care. The emphasis is on reducing the symptoms and improving general health. No treatment to any symptom works.

Medications


Medicinal drugs can help to reduce fibromyalgia pain and improve sleep. Common choices include:
• Helps relieve pain. Over - the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or sodium naproxen can be beneficial. Your doctor may prescribe a pain reliever for the prescription, such as tramadol. Narcotics are not recommended, because they can lead to dependency and can also aggravate the pain over time.
• Antidepressants. Duloxetine and milnacipran can help relieve fibromyalgic pain and fatigue. Your doctor can prescribe amitriptyline or cyclobenzaprine relaxant to the muscle to help promote sleep.
• Anti-drugs. Medicines designed to treat epilepsy are also helpful in reducing certain forms of pain. Gabapentin is often effective in minimizing symptoms of fibromyalgia, while Pregabalin was the first Food and Drug Administration approved medication to treat fibromyalgia.

Therapy


A number of different treatments can help to lessen the impact of fibromyalgia on your body and life. Examples may include:
• Physical therapy. A physiotherapist will teach you exercises to strengthen your strength, flexibility and endurance. Exercises based on water may be of specific benefit.
• Occupational therapy. An occupational therapist will help you adapt to your area of work or how you perform those activities which will create less stress on the body.
• Counseling. Talking with a psychologist will help affirm your confidence in your abilities and teach you techniques to manage stressful situations.

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